Career concerns as well as career aspirations are shared across countries.
Opportunities and choices should be available for all people, regardless of
sex, socio-economic class, religion, disability, sexual orientation, age, or
cultural background. Career decision-making is not something that happens only once in a person’s life but, rather, it is an ongoing process that might take place at any age.
It is not necessary to implement all of the suggestions at once in order to establish a service that provides career assistance to students. It is useful to have local, national and international information regarding the various educational programmes that are available. Career counselling and advising can be done in different ways including working with students individually or in groups.
The usual process of career counselling involves facilitating greater self-awareness, linking individuals to resources containing labour market
Information, increasing awareness of options available (including further
Study/training opportunities, work shadowing/experience/volunteer work as
Stepping stones towards long-term goals), assisting with the decision-making
Process and teaching job search strategies.
Individuals need to gather information about the kinds of jobs that are
Available to them. Setting both short-term and long-term goals is also a useful activity for students to engage in. Personal friends are also possible resources for students and can help provide support and feedback. It is expected that students would find the resources beneficial in assisting them with the career development and job search process.
The process of career decision-making in this Context might increase career choices and opportunities for students. The field of career Counselling and guidance is continually shifting and changing to reflect the changes in society and in the world of work.
There is generally a lack of career guidance provision for students in tertiary education, despite the
Significant cost of such studies. One is finding a resource where you can explore objective information about career paths, including salary data, employment trends, what degrees are required, what an average day might be like, and what work is done in different fields. Originally focused on the problem of career decision making of students, the issue now encompasses a broad life spectrum because of the increased frequency of events that require people to revise their career decisions over their life span.
Unemployment, career indecision, career decision making, work
Adjustment and career education among others need attention in all
countries.’ involving globalization and restructuring of the workforce. Individuals are naturally presented with career choices throughout their lives.
This kind of information may be found through books or
websites, as well as through a labour market information service that tracks
current labour market trends and opportunities in the region or country.
Individuals may need assistance with job search strategies such as writing a
résumé and cover letter, learning interview skills, and knowing where to
look for jobs that are advertised as well as those jobs that are not
1. What are my values?
2. What are my skills and abilities?
3. What are my interests?
4. What is my personality style?
5. What other life roles are important along with my job or occupation?
6. What are the family and cultural influences on my career path?
Planning job search
Researching prospective employers
Self-assessment from employer’s
Interim job possibilities
Strategies to uncover the hidden job market