Career Tips - The Fifth Stage - (1980-1989) In Career Counseling History

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The late 1970s was characterized by a declining economic system rather than by the growth and prosperity of the early 1960s. This began the fifth stage of transition for the field-from an industrial age to an information and technology age (Pope, 1997). This new transition spawned another series of problems, such as loss of jobs in the industrial sectors of our economy, increasing demands from employers for technological skills, loss of permanent jobs to contract labor, loss of job security, and marginalization of organized labor, all to retool the economy for the information and technology age.
During this stage, the emergence of the private practice career counselor was the direct result of the beginnings of national acceptance of career counseling as an important service to provide to a citizenry in occupational transition. The practitioner, whose livelihood depended on continuous marketing of short-term career counseling, provided the vitality for the expansion and growth of the professional practice of career counseling during this period as well as for the credentialing of such practitioners.
NVGA had always taken the lead in establishing standards for the profession, such as (a) standards for the practice of vocational guidance, (b) standards for occupational materials, (c) standards for the training of counselors, and (d) standards for vocational counseling agencies. As a result of the emergence of the private practice career counselor and under heavy pressure from within the profession, NVGA initiated a specific credential for career counseling professionals. The National Certified Career Counselor credential included substantial academic and experiential requirements along with an examination (National Career Counselor Examination).
As a precursor to that credential, NVGA promulgated vocational-career counseling competencies in 1982, which were developed as a "list of competencies necessary for counselors to perform the task of career/vocational guidance and counseling" (NVGA, 1984, p. 1). These competencies were preceded by the American Vocational Association-NVGA Position Paper on Career Development in 1973; the APGA Position Paper on Career Guidance in 1975; the ACES Position Paper on Counselor Preparation for Career Development in 1976; the AIR Report on Competencies Needed for Planning, Supporting, Implementing, Operating, and Evaluating Career Guidance Programs in 1979; and the APGA Career Education Project in 1980.
The rise in the use of technology in business and industry in the U.S. led to the passage of two very important federal laws during this stage: the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act (1988) and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act (1984). The Omnibus Trade Act included provisions to assist persons to enter, or advance in, high-technology occupations or to meet the technological needs of other industries or businesses as well as pre-employment skills training, school-to-work transition programs, and school-business partnerships.

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David Hale has 1 articles online

Dave Hale, Ph.D., is the CEO of DHI-Communications, an international business coaching and training consultancy, specializing in social networking business development and marketing. He is widely regarded as one of the top business coaches for Web 2.0 Entrepreneurs.

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Career Tips - The Fifth Stage - (1980-1989) In Career Counseling History

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This article was published on 2010/04/02